IOM is about bringing
together the right agencies to ensure
that the right
interventions are undertaken with
offenders at the right time.
Integrated Offender Management provides a co-ordinated
approach to track and monitor an offender’s movement across the criminal
It is not a substitute for punishment or a soft option; it
does not seek to undermine the victim focus. Its purpose is to develop a
sustained intervention plan to
reduce offending, and ultimately change behaviour. The benefits for the
community are the overall reduction in crime.
IOM includes all PPO’s who “pose the greatest threat” and
will also manage other offenders who require intensive action. Whilst there is
a selection process, the principles of managing offenders should be
applied wider. Neighbourhood Policing Teams and partners may utilise any tactic
on any offender in an attempt to reduce offending.
An offender can be selected onto the IOM program in 2 ways.
At the point of arrest when the full extent of offending and reasons
become known. Any agency may also refer an offender to the IOM program,
including those released from Prison. NPT teams will be of significant value in
identifying offenders through local knowledge and partner relationships,
monitoring low level offenders who may pose a serious future threat.
Once selected an assessment will be undertaken by
specially trained staff to understand the offending behaviour and what support
the offender needs. This is a continual
process and will include a risk assessment considering the harm the offender
may cause to the community and to themselves.
IOM considers 3 pathways to categorise offenders.
These form the basis of the intervention plan, a critical IOM process.
Catch & Control. This rests predominantly with
the Police. The objective is to motivate and if necessary coerce offenders
towards the rehabilitate & resettle pathway and stop the person offending.
Targeting prominent and negative role models can build confidence within
communities. Regular tactical meetings utilising all Police resources and the
potential of partners should always be considered.
Rehabilitate & Resettle. The offender’s
involvement, cooperation and agreement to change behaviour is critical. Mothers,
Sisters and Daughters can influence, support and control the offender and often
prove to be effective “offender managers”. Offenders will be prone to lapses
and may re-offend. Once a
conscious decision to change has been made it is far easier to motivate after a
relapse, and any period without offending needs to be recognised. Multi partnership rehabilitation
and resettle HUBS are in each District and manage offenders in this pathway.
Key partners work together in developing and implementing intervention plans to
support an offender.
Prevent & Deter. Early intervention with young
people is essential to prevent the next generation of offenders, especially
those within problem families containing active offenders. Many offenders will
move between rehabilitate & resettle and catch & control on a regular
basis. When there are no specific offences to investigate or “catch” then any
intervention plan will be focussed towards “prevention” through high visibility
activity. For those offenders who are showing signs of rehabilitation it may be
necessary to provide some “prevention” to ensure compliance.
Neighbourhood Policing Teams in collaboration with local
partners will play a significant role within local communities and can provide
a visible presence to prevent offending, re-offending and committing more
serious offences. NPT ward meetings involving local partners should include an
There should always be a named person (Offender Manager)
who is the single point of contact for an offender’s intervention plan. Any planned intervention with an offender
will be with the agreement of the Offender Manager.
Police Offender Management Units (OMU) will manage the more
active offenders in Catch & Control
with assistance from NPT Teams who will also manage those who in Prevent &
Deter and offending at lower levels. Management will involve disruption visits,
local partnership working and intelligence gathering. HUBS will manage those in
the Rehabilitate & Resettle pathway. Day to day management of offenders and
information sharing will be achieved through HUB staff, Police OMU Teams and
NPT teams and geographical working will ensure understanding and close working
Intervention plans will be subject to regular review.Circumstances
can quickly change and the plan needs to be flexible enough if an offender
begins offending and requires immediate action. There should be a clear link
between the NIM and IOM, incorporating tactical interventions into tasking and
coordination processes and timescales
There are more detailed documents available that provide
technical and procedural guidance (IOM General Operational Advice). This summary provides a simple explanation
around this complex arena and hopefully allows the reader to understand and
commit to its theories.