Work to help 18-year-olds in the criminal justice system move from youth
services to adult services needed to improve, said independent inspectors, as
they published the report of a joint inspection of transition arrangements.
In both custody and the community, there needed to be more effective
processes and greater use of professional judgement so that young people were
better informed and involved, continuity was maintained and work with young
people to reduce reoffending and promote rehabilitation wasn’t disrupted. A
change of services at 18, with the potential for disruption if not handled well,
occurred during the peak period for reoffending.
Transitions: an inspection of the transition arrangements from youth to adult
services in the criminal justice system, reflects the findings of HM
Inspectorate of Probation, the lead inspectorate, HM Inspectorate of Prisons,
the Care Quality Commission, Estyn, Healthcare Inspectorate Wales and Ofsted,
who carried out this inspection in six locations in England and Wales.
Inspectors looked at the work that takes place to help young people as they move
from working with youth-based to adult-based services to find out what front
line practitioners were doing to promote an effective transition between the
various services and how it could be improved.
Although inspectors found
examples of individual good practice, the report also found that work to promote
effective transition did not always receive sufficient attention.
- Not all young people in the community who were eligible for transfer to
adult-based services were identified - so transfer, when initiated, was
undertaken too late and with insufficient information;
- Young people were not always as informed or involved as they should have
been, and some young people reported that in custody, they felt unprepared for
the reality of a move to an adult establishment;
- There was a lack of work with those in health and education, employment and
training to ensure that services needed by the young person were continued;
- There was insufficient timely sharing of information between the youth-based
and adult-based services to enable sentence plans to be delivered without
- In custody, insufficient forward planning and communication led to a gap in
sentence planning and delivery of interventions after young people had
transferred to an over-18 YOI/prison.
During the course of the
inspection, the Youth Justice Board took the lead in establishing a forum to
bring together all the government departments involved to promote improvements.
Inspectors found some signs that transition work was starting to receive greater
attention and that national and local protocols were starting to make some
Chief Inspector of Probation, Liz Calderbank, said on
behalf of all inspectorates:
'Transitions matter. They are
important rites of passage which, if successfully negotiated, can advance a
young person’s journey to adulthood. For young people who offend, this period
can be problematic and signify changes in key relationships, often at a time of
peak reoffending. Effectively handling the many transitions that young people in
the criminal justice system have to make is challenging but of paramount
For further information, please contact Jane Parsons, HMI
Probation press office on 020 7035 2123 or 07880 787452.
- View a copy of the full report www.hmcpsi.gov.uk/cjji/inspections/inspection_no/576/.
- Between September and November 2011, inspectors visited six areas,
comprising six YOTs and their corresponding probation offices, including
neighbouring YOTs and their corresponding probation offices when necessary. The
Probation Trusts visited were: Gloucestershire, Greater Manchester,
Hertfordshire, Leicestershire & Rutland, Wales and West Yorkshire. The YOTs
visited were Conwy & Denbighshire (with Gwynedd & Ynys Môn),
Gloucestershire, Hertfordshire, Leicester (with Leicestershire), Salford (with
Oldham) and Wakefield (with Kirklees and Leeds). Between September and October
2011, inspectors visited four custodial establishments holding over-18s (HMP
& YOI Portland, HMP Downview, HMP & YOI Moorland and HMP & YOI Parc.
- HM Inspectorate of Probation is an independent inspectorate, sponsored by
the Ministry of Justice, and reporting directly to the Secretary of State on the
effectiveness of work with individual adults, children and young people who
offend, aimed at reducing reoffending and protecting the public.
- HM Inspectorate of Prisons is an independent inspectorate, inspecting places
of detention to report on conditions and treatment, and promote positive
outcomes for those detained and the public.
- The Care Quality Commission (CQC) is the independent regulator of health and
social care in England. The CQC makes sure that care in hospitals, dental
practices, ambulances, care homes, people’s own homes and elsewhere meets
government standards of quality and safety. The CQC also protects the interests
of vulnerable people, including those whose rights are restricted under the
Mental Health Act.
- Ofsted regulates and inspects to achieve excellence in the care of children
and young people, and in education and skills for learners of all ages. It
regulates and inspects childcare and children's social care, and inspects the
Children and Family Court Advisory Support Service (Cafcass), schools, colleges,
initial teacher training, work-based learning and skills training, adult and
community learning, and education and training in prisons and other secure
establishments. It assesses council children’s services, and inspects services
for looked after children, safeguarding and child protection.
- Healthcare Inspectorate Wales (HIW) is the independent inspectorate and
regulator of all healthcare in Wales. HIW's primary focus is on: making a
significant contribution to improving the safety and quality of healthcare
services in Wales, improving citizens’ experience of healthcare in Wales whether
as a patient, service user, carer, relative or employee, strengthening the voice
of patients and the public in the way health services are reviewed and ensuring
that timely, useful, accessible and relevant information about the safety and
quality of healthcare in Wales is made available to all.
- Estyn is the office of Her Majesty's Inspectorate for Education and Training
in Wales. It is independent of, but funded by, the National Assembly for