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Monday 23 April 2018

The Impact of Gender upon Fear of Crime in Victims and Non-Victims


This piece of research aimed to find out the impact that gender has on fear of crime in victims and non-victims. This was done by administering questionnaires to students at Sheffield Hallam University and analysing the data using SPSS and identifying key themes in responses. In order to answer the main question the relationship between victimisation and fear of crime was first examined and it was found that there was a positive correlation which supports the findings of Skogan (1987). The relationship between gender and fear of crime was then analysed and it was found that females were more fearful than males which supported the findings of Goodey (1997). This was discussed in terms of masculinities theory and it was proposed that males may deny fear of crime as their way of ‘doing masculinity’. The main question was then addressed and it was found that females’ fear of crime increased with victimisation whereas males’ fear of crime only increased slightly through victimisation and remained low. This result was also discussed with regard to masculinities theory as even though males had a low fear of crime overall which was proposed to be due to their masculine features and attitude, males reported being fearful of property crimes if they had been a victim of them. This may be due to them having no control over these crimes regardless of their masculine appearance. It was therefore concluded that fear of crime in males should be increased so that they would take more precautions against being a victim of crime.


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